The dry stone structures characterize the rural landscape of Salento and express the reclamation action carried out by the laborers. The industrious peasants, who revived the Salento countryside until a few decades ago, have thus left us an indelible mark of their passage: a myriad of walls that follow one another and intersect, ovens, spase, littere, liame</em >, and, above all, the pajare: these are shelters used by farmers to find shelter from a sudden storm or to enjoy a cool afternoon rest, during sunny spring afternoons and summer.
Together with the pajare there are numerous other constructions, made of dry stones, such as the so-called ncurtaturi, i.e. the stables where domestic animals were housed: a donkey, a pig and rare cases a cow.
Pase and the littere structures used for drying: figs, tomatoes, peppers, etc. Figs, in particular, were of fundamental importance for the farmers’ economy, as a fruit to eat in the summer or to be kept in the capase for the remaining months. The furnari where bread was baked, the frisedde (friselle) were biscuits and figs were roasted.
The aie which are circular spaces, delimited by a circle of squared tuff ashlars where, inside them, an ancestral operation was carried out: the threshing of the grain. This was done with sticks and poles, with the help of a donkey, which pounded the harvest with its motion, or by exploiting the strength of an ox that pulled the so-called pisara</ em> (large tuff monolith) with sharp edges, which broke and shredded the ears and shelled the wheat. At the end of the daily operations then, so that no grain of wheat was lost, the hens were released and made a clean sweep.
Near a pajara, it was also customary to find a pila made of Lecce stone, used to water the cattle and do the laundry and some setting< /strong>, stone seats on which the peasants spent their few moments of leisure in company.